Swami Nirviseshananda Tirtha

09 – Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 18 – by Swami Nirviseshananda Tirtha – The Way to Freedom

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In this discourse, Swamiji discusses the five elementary factors that lead to accomplishment of any action.

The Saankhya doctrine says that whatever actions are undertaken by the human through his body, speech and mind, these five factors are its causes:

1)Adhishthanam-- The body which is the seat.
2) The doer- The ‘doer’ (karta) not only integrates our various functions but identifies with the actions and becomes responsible for them.
3) The senses-- All the ‘senses’ and various external instruments help in performing the work.
4) One’s own effort- Without ‘sincere effort’, no good work can be accomplished. Therefore, it is equally important in the process.
5)Providence-- Swamiji says that our body, mind etc. may try to do any work but there is a providential factor also which comes into play. So, the ultimate result of any action is also dependent on the providential element which is beyond human ingenuity.

Slokas Discussed: 18.13 to 18.17

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