In this discourse, Swamiji discusses the five elementary factors that lead to accomplishment of any action.
The Saankhya doctrine says that whatever actions are undertaken by the human through his body, speech and mind, these five factors are its causes:
1)Adhishthanam-- The body which is the seat.
2) The doer- The ‘doer’ (karta) not only integrates our various functions but identifies with the actions and becomes responsible for them.
3) The senses-- All the ‘senses’ and various external instruments help in performing the work.
4) One’s own effort- Without ‘sincere effort’, no good work can be accomplished. Therefore, it is equally important in the process.
5)Providence-- Swamiji says that our body, mind etc. may try to do any work but there is a providential factor also which comes into play. So, the ultimate result of any action is also dependent on the providential element which is beyond human ingenuity.
Slokas Discussed: 18.13 to 18.17
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Those days, there were many rats staying in various pockets of the tiled roof. My room had a very low ceiling and I could even touch the roof tiles. At night, I would see big, big rats running around just near me.
I got back to my daily chores, but the scene remained in my mind – the old man’s wrinkled face, his gleaming eyes, the contentment he enjoyed, his refusal to accept more than ‘his minimum needs’! How many of us can take such a stand?
Bhakti is not so much in the worship with flowers, garlands, lamps or incense sticks. Neither it is in chanting His names and praises. It is verily in living and acting according to the wish of the Lord, pleasing Him, imbibing qualities and attitudes that He wants us to imbibe.