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Swami Nirviseshananda Tirtha

18 – Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 18 – by Swami Nirviseshananda Tirtha – The Way to Freedom

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Through a detailed discussion, Swamiji had explained that every being anywhere in creation is under the grip of nature’s three gunas.

In this talk, Swamiji discusses the four varnas (Brahmanas, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas, Sudras)- the fourfold constitution of human society, based upon the varied proportions of the three gunas. People belong to a given varna based on their svabhava (their nature) as determined by the proportions of sattva, rajas and tamas in them. Each group takes up one field of activity based on their own aptitude and nature. Each varna has its own importance in society.

Clearing many misconceptions, Swamiji helps the listeners understand this fourfold constitution of the society. The Varna division was meant for excellence. Each group took up one field of activity with choice and exclusiveness and contributed to the growth of the society.

Swamiji discusses the qualities and skills of each varna, as elaborated in Bhagavad Gita. A brahmana has a calm, peaceful and disciplined mind and is given to physical and mental austerity. He has the qualities of purity, patience, tolerance, straightforwardness and has deep faith in the spiritual truth. A kshatriya is given to administration and is strong, fearless, skilful and has persistence and determination. A vaishya is engaged in agricultural activities, trading and also tending to cattle. A Shudra provides services to others.

Shlokas Discussed: (18.41 to 44)

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