Swami Nirviseshananda Tirtha

19 – Bhagavad Gita – Chapter 18 – by Swami Nirviseshananda Tirtha – The Way to Freedom

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In this discourse, Swamiji again discusses the fourfold division of society- Brahmana, kshatriya, vaishya and shudra. These varnas take up activities according to their svadharma, and svabhava and serve the society at large.

Swamiji reiterates that activities as such are not a hindrance to liberation. It is our sense of doership and enjoyership that binds us. When a person of any varna does his activities naturally as a worship of the Lord, he attains the Supreme. This is not a physical or oral worship of the Lord but a wholesome and ceaseless worship. Through the devout offering of all activities to the Lord, one attains expansion of the mind.

Swamiji further says that such a person perceives the whole creation as a play of the three gunas. He firmly establishes himself as the witness and his actions become pure and divine.

Discussing the elevated state of Naishkarmya (non doership), Swamiji says that the attitude to work is very important. How is one supposed to do all activities? One should do all actions free of delusional clinging and desire, winning over one’s own lower tendencies and without any doership and enjoyership. Then, through the activities one will be led to the spiritual goal of non-doership.

Shlokas Discussed: 18.41 to 18.49

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