Swami Nirviseshananda Tirtha

Varna Vs Caste in Bhagavad Gita

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In this discourse, Swami Nirviseshananda Tirtha explains with rare clarity and rationality the widely misunderstood concept of “Chatur-varna” vis-a-vis the “Caste system”.

Creation means variety. Various proportions and predominance of the 3 gunas – sattva, rajas, and tamas – give rise to infinite variety in Creation. Bhagavad Gita broadly categorizes these varieties into four groups or “varnas”, specifying the prominent characteristics in each.

The exposition clarifies the concepts of Svabhaava, Svadharma, Svakarma, and how the pursuit based on one’s predominant qualities leads to excellence. Excellence in individual performance, and also in art, culture, and industry of a society as a whole.

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